Cardiovascular professor reminds: Know these three points, causing myocardium to be free from necrosis!
On September 19, 2018, the singer Burenbayar (the father of the auspicious Sambo) died of acute myocardial infarction at the age of 58. On October 31, 2016, the 28-year-old former national team women’s volleyball player Huo Wei,Acute acute myocardial infarction will always leave the world forever; In the early morning of October 6, 2016, Zhang Rui, the founder of Chun Yu, died of acute myocardial infarction, only 42 years old; . because the heart attack is taking awayThe more young lives, the serious threat to people’s health.
Myocardial infarction (generally referred to as acute myocardial infarction) is caused by sudden occlusion of the arterial blood vessels (coronary arteries) of the heart, resulting in interruption of blood supply to the heart muscle, and necrosis of cardiomyocytes; incidence in all seasons, especially in spring and winter.The incidence rate, especially the gradient of climate change, cold, and when the temperature changes greatly, often comes to the forefront. Many people have no chance to go to the hospital to rescue, and they end their lives.
The results are due to two major aspects of the rapid growth of acute myocardial infarction: one is due to unhealthy lifestyles, changes in environmental factors, etc.; the second is the timely and appropriate treatment of acute myocardial infarction.
Therefore, in order to improve the public’s understanding of the severity and complications of myocardial infarction, the standardized treatment process for general acute myocardial infarction, November 20th of each year is “China 1120 myocardial infarction treatment day.”
Why is the “Heart Infarction Day” scheduled for November 20?
1120 has two meanings: First, you should dial “120” immediately after the onset of acute myocardial infarction.
Hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and other patients are at high risk of acute palpitations, and people with long-term smoking and lack of exercise are also prone to this disease.
Director of the Guangdong Chest Pain Center Association, deputy director of the Department of Cardiology, Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Region, reminded everyone: Once there is a chest stagnation, chest pain and other precursors of acute myocardial infarction, don’t forget to drag and drop, endure the idea of the past, thousandDon’t ignore and hesitate, you should call the “120” emergency number quickly.
Unfortunately, the data show that only 10% of patients are admitted to the hospital with 120 ambulances, and 90% of the patients arrive at the hospital on their own; among the patients who visit the hospital, cardiac arrest occurs on the way to the hospital.There are countless ways to lose your life.
Second, the prime time for emergency myocardial infarction is 120 minutes.
从挽救患者生命和生活质量的角度出发，急性心肌梗死的最佳救治时间窗为发病后的2小时，俗称‘黄金120分钟’；若能在发病后的120分钟内打通堵塞的血管，恢复心肌The blood supply, the mortality of the myocardium can be protected from necrosis.
Therefore, patients and their families should trust doctors to leave precious time for heart attack treatment and decision-making to doctors to win the golden opportunity to save the heart.
To sum up: “1120” is the day, I hope that everyone will remember two “120”, call 120 emergency calls in time, and grasp the gold treatment for 120 minutes, in order to build a heart-shaped implant front.
Further reading: What can we do before the ambulance arrives?
“Time is the heart muscle, time is life.
Professor Huo Yong, director of the Department of Cardiology and Heart Center of the First People’s Hospital of Peking University, often hangs this sentence.
After dialing the “120” emergency number, we can help the patient to do this before the ambulance arrives: (1) Keep the patient in a flat position, do not move the patient at will, and avoid increasing the burden on the heart.
If the patient has chest pain during exercise, stop him immediately; if the patient is emotional, try to calm him down.
(2) Ventilation of the window to keep the indoor air circulation and keep the patient warm.
After the occurrence of myocardial infarction, the worst case is ventricular fibrillation, which may lead to sudden death; at this time, it is best to keep the patient’s respiratory tract unobstructed, and at the same time perform trampling and artificial respiration to prevent cerebral hypoxia, so as to avoid rapid death of brain cells.
(3) Give oxygen to the patient and take medicine.
If you have an oxygen-absorbing device in your home, let the patient take oxygen, 3 per minute?
5 liters, with the dual role of rescue and psychological comfort, can increase the oxygen supply of the myocardium to relieve symptoms.
If you don’t have oxygen, you can find the medicine directly. Therefore, if you have an elderly family, you should always have some first-aid medicines, such as nitroglycerin and aspirin. You can help yourself at a critical moment.
Finally, the health king should remind everyone: respiratory diminence, cardiovascular disease patients are prone to accidents, middle-aged and elderly people with a history of cardiovascular disease must pay attention to cold and warm, to avoid myocardial infarction caused by sharp contraction of blood vessels.
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